Death with Dignity Act S.DAY

 

In October of 1997, Oregon enacted the Death with Dignity act which allows terminally-ill residents to end their life by the voluntary taking of lethal medications prescribed by a licensed doctor. This act does require the Oregon Health Authority to collect patient information regarding the patients and physicians who participate in the act, and statistics are published each year. By reviewing the statistics, Physicians prescribe these medications for patients who face a life threatening illness such as cancer that is treated through harmful/painful means to the body like radiation and surgery.

    One might question, how exactly do doctors determine that a patient is in well enough mind to make the decision between: life or death? Has this patient truly understood the stages of treatment, and the possible outcomes of that treatment? Has the patient’s family been spoken to, and has the patient spoken to the family regarding her choice? Has the patient truly weighed all options regarding treatment options? Should her family accept those choices without fight, because it is her choice? One issue with this, is what happens when the family finds that their daughter, son, mom, dad, aunt etc. has passed away following ingesting these lethal prescriptions due to the Death with Dignity Act? There is a lot of paperwork and steps a patient must go through in order for a doctor to prescribe these medications. A patient according to the Oregon Health Authority must first obtain two consulting doctors compliance/approval forms that the patient understands their condition, treatment options and the consequences of these lethal prescriptions, Psychiatric evaluation to ensure that the patient is in the right state of mind, and there is a consent form that ensures the patient understands their diagnosis, prognosis of said diagnosis, options of treatment, and that said patient understands that death may occur three hours after ingestion of lethal drugs or can happen longer than that, this form also requires two witness signatures- blood, and one non related person who has no mention in patients will (If that patient may have one), there is also an attending physicians form that documents when the patient requested the lethal medications (which must be done twice, and the third time a prescription must be written in 48 hours) this physician must also note that he has determined the patient is terminally ill, making her own choice (without being forced by someone else), is in fact an Oregon resident. The patient is also consulted about not taking these medications in public places and to have someone there when these medications are ingested. After the patient has died, the doctor has TEN calendar days to fill out a form determining if patients death was in fact caused by the lethal medications, underlying causes, or in fact by terminal illness itself. This attending physicians follow up form in depth to the point that it asks for the specific amount of time it took for patient to pass.

    Everyone has heard the story about Brittany Maynard, and I’m sure most people thought “That’s an extremely cowardly thing to do” or something of that nature. I thought however, about how the physicians determine that a patient is in the right state of mind to make that decision when given a terminal diagnosis like brain cancer. Brittany Maynard began to experience really bad headaches and decided to see a doctor, after a CT scan it was found that she had Stage 4 Glioblastoma, a malignant form of brain cancer, and underwent a craniotomy to try to remove the tumor. Three months later, it was found on another scan that the tumor g actually grown in size, and this was when Brittany was told she had six months to live, at best.

Since this occurrence, four other states have legalized the Death with Dignity act: Washington, Montana, Vermont and New Mexico. Whereas California, Colorado, Connecticut, Massachusetts and New Jersey, have campaigns in place to assist in death with dignity cases all started by Compassion & Choices.

So take a moment to ask yourself, is it really right to have someone suffer… just because Doctor assisted suicide is such taboo?

Below I’m including the links to the forms used in Oregon as well as where I got the information from.

 

Sources:

http://public.health.oregon.gov/ProviderPartnerResources/EvaluationResearch/DeathwithDignityAct/Documents/mdintdat.pdf

http://public.health.oregon.gov/ProviderPartnerResources/EvaluationResearch/DeathwithDignityAct/Documents/dcrptdat.pdf

http://public.health.oregon.gov/ProviderPartnerResources/EvaluationResearch/DeathwithDignityAct/Documents/pharform.pdf

http://public.health.oregon.gov/ProviderPartnerResources/EvaluationResearch/DeathwithDignityAct/Documents/psyform.pdf

http://public.health.oregon.gov/ProviderPartnerResources/EvaluationResearch/DeathwithDignityAct/Documents/conform.pdf

http://public.health.oregon.gov/ProviderPartnerResources/EvaluationResearch/DeathwithDignityAct/Documents/pt-req.pdf

http://public.health.oregon.gov/ProviderPartnerResources/EvaluationResearch/DeathwithDignityAct/Documents/year16.pdf

http://www.people.com/article/Brittany-Maynard-death-with-dignity-compassion-choices



(Source for images: http://www.etonline.com/fashion/152632_11_emotional_quotes_from_brittany_maynard_the_newlywed_choosing_to_end_her_life_at_29/)

A.ROSE Capital Punishment

Many people in this world have their own opinion on Capital Punishment (the death penalty), and their beliefs on whether they think it is right or wrong. This blog is against it, there are a lot of other ways to punish a human being for a crime they have committed. Death is not a discipline action if the person does not learn from his or her mistakes, because he or she will be dead. Capital Punishment should be abolished because it is inhumane, the victims may be innocent, and it is irreversible.                                       Capital Punishment is inhumane; people should not kill other people for many different reasons. If a person makes a mistake, he or she deserves a second chance no matter the circumstances. How do people expect someone to learn or know what is right or wrong if they do not teach them, so they can pass on what they have learned. Death is not the answer to a penalty. If one is religious, they know that killing another human is a sin, according to the Holy Bible. No one wants to be punished for all eternity by god. If a person does not learn from their mistakes; a life time in jail is better then no life at all.

Besides inhumanity, another reason Capital Punishment should be abolished, is because the person who is sentenced may be innocent. Conspiracy happens a lot in the court room and on cases. For reasons such as money, Jurors or lawyers may have been in on a scam to say the offending is guilty; not noticing the outcome of ones life or if he or she had a family. Another reason is Jurors may have been biased, and may not have cared too much about the trial. In some cases there is faulty evidence that is mistaken or made to mislead people in finding the person guilty. Also, evidence could have been left out and presented incorrectly.                                                                                             Inhumanity, and one being innocent are important traits when viewing Capital Punishment as wrong, but the key detail is that the death penalty is irreversible. Once a person is killed the sentence cannot be fixed, changed, or taken back.  Ending ones life is the ultimate step. If in the future new evidence surfaces or shows the person innocent, it will be too late, because the person cannot be brought back. Then he or she who is responsible and all who supported the sentencing will have deep regret. No one can bring the victims family comfort; the family would be deeply hurt, not only that they lost a love one, but because they lost their love one for no reason since he or she was innocent. Everyone supporting the sentence will lose peoples trust and have to live with regret and sorrow knowing they took an innocent life away for ever.                                                         Capital Punishment should be abolished because it is inhumane, uncertain if the victim is truly innocent, and it is irreversible.  You cannot simply take someone’s life because they took a life, two wrongs don’t make a right. On the other hand, it takes years before someone is sentenced to the death penalty, while they are awaiting the sentence they are still in prison living off of tax payer’s money. There is always going to be people with different opinions on it. Pros and cons on Capital Punishment need to be overlooked and weighed out to see what the best possible disciplinary action for a human being is. When worst comes to worst, taking the life of another human being is wrong.

PLEASE SEE LINKS BELOW FOR DATA AND STATISTICS ON THE DEATH PENALTY

http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/issues/death-penalty/us-death-penalty-facts

http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=18

http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org

Yanely Carrazana (Florida Southwestern): Racism

My opinion on racism is that no one should be treated differently based on race, gender, age. Even though the official definition is hate or discrimination on a certain race, racism comes in different ways. We find racism now even with the outlaw of segregation. No law can change the opinion of a human being and if someone dislikes a race there’s nothing to be done about it. Someone who dislikes a race would disagree with this blog post. They could think themselves better than someone of that race. They might think that they are the only one capable or worthy to go someplace or do something.

Moreover, according to bls.gov white people have higher employment rates comparable with Hispanics. While this is America and there are more white people than Hispanics, there is a chance that Hispanics might not get the same opportunities to reach their goal.

Additionally, racism goes against the constitution. It writes about equality and racism is all about inequality. It disallows a person the same chances or opportunities than a person of another race. Also, back during when Martin Luther King Jr was fighting for African American rights, black people were considered to be on a a completely different level than white people. White people thought they were lower than and deserved to be treated inhumanely.

Yanely Carrazana (Florida Southwestern): Beauty Standards

Beauty is different from one person to another. The average man might consider beauty to be something completely different from women. Women see models in magazine and convince themselves that if they don’t look similar, they’re not beautiful. Beauty can make you feel good about yourself thereby increasing your personal presence. Beauty makes people to feel professional, more confident, and make them self-esteem stronger effectively changing the way the act around people. Depending on their standards, a woman who feels confident and beautiful will walk down a street shoulders high, back straight, and unafraid of meeting someone’s gaze. Whereas someone who doesn’t feel comfortable in their own skin might walk down with less confidence and act differently. Their standards are set by the women they see on billboards and magazines that are considered ‘beautiful’ because of their fame. Men these days look at those models and think that they look beautiful, but not real. They know that achieving a women like that is near impossible because they’re not ‘real’. Even with all the changes they have done they are still not happy and they continue to change themselves cosmetically to achieve perfection.

How does beauty affect our culture? Females in our culture think that beauty can reach their goals and help them socially like job opportunities and social lives. It can change their social lives, but not the way they think it to.

In addition, nearly 50 percent of women think that plastic surgery to their body will add value to themselves. Instead of dressing themselves differently or applying makeup to  hide imperfections women surgically alter their body to change it for a longer period.

Beauty will affect social change. It can affect their behavior in social institutions, social relations, and social behaviors. If a woman feels beautiful they will feel more confident in their steps and the way they act in a social building like during parties.

If one feels confident about themselves, they will begin to integrate themselves with any group. They will begin to socialize with people they once thought were out of their league. They will feel as if they’re now worthy enough to talk to whoever.

Caitlynn Cook; Welfare

This is the definition of welfare; Welfare is the provision of a minimal level of well-being and social support for all citizens, sometimes referred to as public aid.
I feel as welfare is a lot of help to many people. But what frustrates me that there’s some people out there that are hardworking people that actually need help with buying food, or paying for things for their children that just because they make to much money can’t go onto it. But what the government doesn’t understand is that some people who are hardworking, only get to buy food or clothes or necessities with the tips that they make for that day, so if they didn’t make enough money in tips for the day they can’t put food on the table. I feel it is unfair for those people when people who are more than capable of getting jobs but are simply lazy get put on welfare. Its pretty much saying that you can sit around lazy your life and get everything paid for by the government.
I think that its a good idea that some people are trying to get the government to change by putting the ideas of making sure that the person is trying to get a job, etc. Hopefully if the government hasn’t already is looking into making joining welfare for people who actually need it.

definition of welfare from wikipedia

personal experience

http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/neilobrien1/100049375/six-big-ways-to-reform-welfare/

Vera Lepera Rape Culture

Rape Culture has essentially survived the test of time; it has been around for nearly as long as human civilization has, and not enough has been done to end it. People in society believe that the attitudes and actions that have been perpetuated by rape culture have been and always will be. Despite the efforts of some, the majority of society has allowed this problem to continue to prevail. Television, music, literature, and advertising allows violence against women and forced sexual interactions seem common and sometimes even acceptable.  These attitudes have led to our society failing to protect victims of rape. Rape culture exists throughout the world; in certain countries of the world, it is a routine part of the terrorism against civilian populations in civil wars, such as the areas of sub-Saharan African.

The following is a definition of “Rape Culture” by the Woman’s Center at Marshall University.   “Rape Culture is an environment in which rape is prevalent and in which sexual violence against women is normalized and excused in the media and popular culture. Rape culture is perpetuated through the use of misogynistic language, the objectification of women’s bodies, and the glamorization of sexual violence, thereby creating a society that disregards women’s rights and safety”  Rape is such a violent crime, both physically and emotionally, it is important to raise awareness and take action to protect victims and to fight this pursuing culture. Raising awareness of rape culture in society is an important step in fighting the stereotypes and changing the attitudes that continue to perpetuate the culture. Therefore, this subject is important, and time is of the essence. We should spend more time trying educate both men and women that rape is not a game.  We should put more fliers on camps, also put ads on tv. They should include a number that people can call to get help. We need to let men and women know not to blame this on them self no matter what others say, and to call and get help. We should educate others to help to if they know anyone that has been raped and to be there for that person and help them to get through it. We need to give a hug to those that need us the most.

 

(http://www.thenewagenda.net/2011/04/10/how-media-contributes-to-violence-against-women/).

(http://www.sudanreeves.org/2012/03/04/rape-as-a-continuing-weapon-of-war-in-darfur-reports-bibliography-of-studies-a-compendium-of-incidents/).

(http://www.marshall.edu/wpmu/wcenter/sexual-assault/rape-culture/).

Vera Lepera Government Welfare

Economic survival can be a daily challenge for the disabled, seniors, and people in poverty. For example disabled individuals may not be able to afford the proper medical assistance they need without welfare.  Senior and low income people depend on government assistance to survive.  Without welfare, there would be a vast increase in poverty, causing a ripple effect on the economy. As a result, the economy would drastically decline, because people would not spend as much money on their wants or needs.  If all forms of government welfare were abolished, it would be as if the disabled individuals, senior citizens, and people in poverty were completely neglected by the United States. The first group of people who would be affected without having welfare is the disable people. Many disabled people receive welfare because they cannot work, simply due to their conditions.  Therefore, they need financial support from the government to live and to take care of their medical needs. “Some people also include food stamp benefits and Medicaid benefits (medical aid to poor and disabled people) when they think of welfare.”(Welfare).  Many Americans understand and support the idea of providing government assistance to people who cannot work due to a disability or injury.   The system is like social insurance.  American taxpayers take care of those who cannot work.  The understanding is that the benefit would be available to each one of us if we became disabled. Another vulnerable segment of society is senior citizens. Senior citizens are finding themselves in a position they never expected to be in at retirement age: still working or in need of a job. More than three out of five U.S. workers in their 50s and 60s plan on working past 65 and 47% of that group say they’ll do so because they’ll need the money or health benefits. But in this tight labor market, working into your golden years is not easy. Some older workers may have to take illness or physical limitations into account. Many senior citizens are not capable taking care of their health, so abolishing welfare programs   would have a drastic effect on their physical and mental health.  In addition to the disable and seniors citizens, a vast segment of poor people depend on welfare. Welfare is a safety net to provide a minimum level of assistance for low income or others in poverty.  Those in poverty may include homeless people, poor children or even ordinary people who have lost their jobs.   Since the Great depression, homeless people have become a major growing problem in every country. For the first time since the poverty figures have been recorded, a higher portion of children are poor than any other age member groups.  Our country is in really bad economy right now.  This means that a lot of people are in need of a jobs and it can get really difficult to find one.  Some of those people that are out of jobs have kids that they have to support to.  “Temporary Assistance to Needy Families or TANF” is a program that “provides minimal subsidies to parents and children for up to five years in a person’s lifetime. The actual amount of time that a family can stay on welfare may be far less, depending on each state’s policies.”(Welfare). Welfare does not only help those parents it also helps the kids.  We need to look at the past, present and future of the American welfare state. It has changed over the years and all we need is a new reformation. United States Constitution states in the preamble, that one’s aim is to “promote general welfare”.  Government assumes the role of providing for an individual’s life.  Many people take this as a “social contract” but America obligates government to provide for the well-being of its citizens.  When making a decision do you think about how your decision is going to affect you or also everyone else? It is the same with welfare. Abolishing welfare would put disable individuals, senior citizens and people in poverty people in jeopardy.

 

Work Cited

“Welfare basics the facts about welfare: 2nd edition.’ Welfare Basics- the facts about . Welfare. Women Employed Institute, 2001.1+. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 23 October 2014.

Bikers

 

Have you ever saw a biker cruising down the road weaving in and out of traffic at insane speeds? I know I have, and I admit that I used to think “All bikers are idiots.” Truth is… they aren’t. There are several groups that advocate for safe driving while on motorcycles- whether it is a sports bike or a Harley cruiser, there are even motorcycle safety courses out that teach safe ways to operate motorcycles and how to handle any traffic situation.

Abate of Southwest Florida is a group of mostly Harley Davidson riders who are a non-profit organization that focuses on the safety, educational and advocate for laws directed to the motorcyclists safety. One of the most important laws that were passed due Abates support was keeping loud pipes. At one point locals were complaining that the pipes on motorcycles were too loud and were causing a nuisance, and should be banned. However, those loud pipes save lives– as a motorcycle rider I have witnessed this firsthand several times, riding down colonial on the way home from dinner just the other night a guy talking on his cellphone tried to merge over on top of us as we were coming up beside him, my boyfriend revved the engine and he kept coming over, after revving several more times, the guy finally noticed and swerved back over into his own lane while continuing to talk on his cellphone. Another thing that Abate advocates for is to check twice for motorcycles, because of how big a blind spot is, and how small a motorcycle is they can be missed so easily. Below are some of the advertisements that Abate uses regularly to promote motorcycle awareness

ABATE of Florida Mission Statement

“We will lobby and educate the government and the general public to promote motorcycling in a safe and positive image.  We will endeavor to enlist the cooperation and participation of all organizations and individuals who share similar interest in preserving our American traditions of freedom.  We will involve ourselves in fund raising to achieve our goals.” – Abate of Southwest Florida’s Mission Statement

 

There is also a group in Lee County that advocates for Safety, known as Ruff Ryders, they advocate for safe riding due to the many deaths we have had in the area due to unsafe riding- I. E. Speeding, unsafe maneuvering, road rage etc. They rally the community together to promote these techniques at local places such as Bike Nights, Sun Sport and Cycle and other various places.

S. Day

http://southwest.abateflorida.com/

http://www.ruffrydersfl.com/newsite/?page_id=45